Know More Close To Cancer Mesothelioma
Mesothelioma cancer what is it
Mesothelioma is cancer that attacks the mesothelium, the tissue that lines various organs of the body. There are four types of mesothelioma cancer, namely:
Pleural mesothelioma (pleural mesothelioma), which is cancer that attacks the lining of the mesothelium (pleura). This type is the most common type.
Mesothelioma peritoneum (peritoneal mesothelioma), namely mesothelioma of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum).
Mesothelioma pericardium (pericardial mesothelioma), which is mesothelioma which attacks the protective layer of the heart organ.
Testicular mesothelioma, which is mesothelioma that attacks the protective layer of the testicles or testicles.
Mesothelioma – a doctor
There is a benign tumor in the chest called the solitary fibrous tumor which is sometimes called benign mesothelioma. This condition is not included in mesothelioma which will be discussed.
Causes of Mesothelioma
The cause of mesothelioma is not certain. However, mesothelioma is always associated with asbestos exposure or asbestos. Asbestos is a mineral that is widely used as a building construction material, such as roofs, because of its heat resistance and fire resistance. The use of asbestos has been officially banned since 1999.
When asbestos is destroyed, either during the process of mining or renovating a building, asbestos will produce fiber or fine dust. Asbestos fine fiber is very easy to breathe, then enters and settles in body organs, especially the lungs. Swallowed asbestos fibers can also move through the lymphatic system, settle, and infect cells in the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum).
Asbestos exposure can also affect the function of the reproductive organs and the heart. However, the spread process is not yet known because it is very rare.
In general, there are several factors that increase the risk of mesothelioma, namely:
Work environments that are vulnerable to asbestos exposure, such as mineral mines, construction sites, the automotive industry, power plants, the textile industry, and steel mills.
Residing in old buildings or environments where the land contains asbestos.
Have family members who work in environments that are vulnerable to asbestos exposure. Asbestos can be attached to the skin and clothing, so that asbestos can be carried into other homes or environments.
Having a history of mesothelioma or genetic disorders that increase the risk of cancer.
Apart from asbestos, there are several other factors that can increase the risk of mesothelioma, although it is rare. Among these are exposure to erionite minerals, exposure to radiation from thorium dioxide chemicals used in X-ray photo examinations until the 1950s, and infection with simian viruses.
Symptoms of Mesothelioma
Symptoms of mesothelioma develop gradually and usually take 20-30 years until symptoms appear. Patients may not feel any symptoms when mesothelioma is at an early stage. But over time, cancer cells will develop and suppress nerves or other organs, causing symptoms.
Symptoms of mesothelioma differ depending on the location of the presence of cancer cells. In pulmonary mesothelioma, symptoms that may appear are as follows:
Fever is accompanied by sweat, especially at night.
Cough accompanied by unbearable pain.
Shortness of breath due to an accumulation of fluid in the lungs, precisely in the pleural cavity, which is a room between the two layers of pleura that lines the lungs.
Weight loss without obvious reasons.
Swelling and changes in shape at the fingertips (clubbing).
Lumps appear on the tissue beneath the surface of the skin in the chest area.
Meanwhile, peritoneal mesothelioma has the following symptoms:
Loss of appetite.
The weight dropped dramatically.
Pain in the abdomen.
Swelling in the abdominal area.
A lump in the abdomen appears.
Disorders of bowel movements and urination.
Mesothelioma pericardium and testis are types of mesothelioma that are very rare. Mesothelioma pericardium usually causes symptoms such as chest pain and respiratory disorders, while testicular mesothelioma is characterized by swelling or the appearance of lumps in the testicular area.
Symptoms of mesothelioma are not specific and can be caused by other conditions. Therefore, immediately see a doctor if you feel the symptoms above, especially if you have a history of exposure to asbestos.